Accoustic characteristics for effective ambulance sirens
Carl Q. Howard, Aaron J. Maddern and Elefterios P. Privopoulos
School of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia
Emergency vehicle auditory warning signals: Physical and psychoacoustic considerations
AJ Maddern, EP Privopoulis and CQ Howard
NIJ Standard for Emergency Vehicle Sirens
US Department of Justice
Emergency Vehicle Accidents – Prevention, reconstruction and survey of State law, 2nd Edition
Solomon, S. and Hill, P.
Chapter 6, PP 59-67
Emergency Vehicle Warning Systems
Rubin, A. and Howitt, G.
The Alarming Sounds of Silence
Miller, M. Beaton, R. – Ergonomics in Design 1994
Factors to consider when running Code 3 – Part 1
Molnar, J. – LawOfficer Magazine – 31 July 2008
Factors affecting auditory localization and situational awareness in the urban battlefield
Scharine, A. and Letowski, T. – Army Research Laboratory – April 2005
Loudspeaker directivity and vehicle siren sound levels
Article on MC Squared System Design Group website
Considerations for running Code 3 – Part 1
Molnar, J. – LawOfficer Magazine – August 2008
With New Device, Police Shake, Rattle and
Klein, A. – Washington Post – October 29, 2007
Lights and siren: A review of emergency vehicle warning systems*
De Lorenzo, R and Eilers, R – Annuls of Emergency Medicine 1991
The whisper and the siren
Dean, I. – Deafness Research UK website
Evaluating warning sound urgency with reaction times
Suied, C. Susini, P. McAdams, S.
Are vehicle accidents caused by emergency sirens?
Dale, A – Article
Withington, D. and Paterson, S.
An introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology
Esgate, A. Groome, D. Baker, K.
Auditory Perception p247 – Google Books
Literaturrecherche zum Thema Sondersignal
Siren literature search
The quest for better ambulance sirens
Directional Sound for Long Distance Auditory Warnings from a Highway Construction Work Zone