Ambulance Visibility
Emergency vehicle conspicuity research on livery, warning lights and
high visibility markings - photos, technical information & newsletters by John Killeen  

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Accidents and LBFTS 
Looked But Failed To See  
PowerPoint Presentations
Perceptual and inattentional factors in driving – PowerPoint
Warning Lights, Parking and Scene Safety PowerPoint* 
Faugh, J – Warning – Large file (10Mb) 
Red Lights and Sirens: Do we need them?
Curtis, M. – PowerPoint Presentation

Accidents and LBFTS 
An investigation of the role of vehicle conspicuity in the Looked but Failed to See error in driving*
Langham, M. – University of Sussex
Review of the ‘Looked But Failed to See’ accident causation factor
Brown, I – Department of Transport, London 2005 
Limitations of the See and Avoid Principle
Australian Transport Safety Bureau – April 1991
Enhanced aircraft conspicuity to reduce runway incursions
Gallagher, W. – USDOT – April 2007 – PDF 177Kb
An overview and some applications of inattentional blindness research
Ward, T. – Austin State University – 2003
Review of the Looked but Failed to See accident causation factor
Brown, I. – UK Department of Transport, November 2005
The relationship between color and inattentional blindness for military target detection
Savick, D. – Virginia Polytechnic, March 2006
Feature based attentional set as a cause of of traffic accidents
AStur, R. Most, S. – 2007
Sorry mate I didn’t see you: A plausible scientifc explanation
White, M. – South Australia Department of Transport
A two dimensional framework for understanding the role of attentional selection in driving
Enns, J. Trick, L.
The Psychology of Driving
Hole, G. – Google Books – CLICK HERE
An introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology
Esgate, A. Groome, D. Baker, K.
General Reading – Google Books
External to Vehicle Driver Distraction
Wallace, B – Transport Research Planning Group
Paying attention behind the wheel: a framework for studying the role of attention in driving.
Trick, L. Enns, J. Mills, J. Vavrik, J.
Relative risk of injury and death in Ambulances and other vehicles
Becker, L.
Emergency ambulances on the public highway linked with inconvenience and potential danger to road users
Saunders, G and Gough, A.
What is the answer to the reduction of accidents while responding emergency traffic
Frazier, G
Emergency medical vehicle crashes and injury events in Northern Finland
Lundalv, J
Rural Ambulance accidents – Literature Review 
US dept of health and Human Services
Investigation of Emergency vehicle crashes in the State of Michigan
Savolainen, P. and Dey, K.
A VANET based emergency vehicle warning system
Buchenscheit, A. Schaub, Kargl, F. and Weber. M
An analysis of emergency vehicle crash characteristics
Vrachnou, A  2003
Struck by accidents: A mid-year review and safety tips
Yates, T. – 2010
USA Ambulance Crashworthiness Frontal Impact Testing
Grzebieta, R. and Levick, N. –
Motorcyclist’s speed and “looked-but-failed-to-see” accidents
Nicolas Clabaux, Thierry Brenac, Christophe Perrin, JoГ«l Magnin, Bastien Canu, Pierre Van Elslande
Visibility and judgement in car/truck night accidents*  
Ayres, TJ. Schmidt, RA. Steele, BD. Bayan, FP.
Could changing our ways mitigate officer’straffic deaths?
Ashton, R. – Police Chief magazine – August 2011 
Keeping officers safe on the road
Pearsall, B. – NIJ Journal No 265
Article 2 – Innattentional blindness: Let’s not blame the victim just yet.
Green, M. – Jan/Feb 2002, Occupational Health & Safety
Eye movements during intentional car following
Crundall, D. Shenton, C. Underwood, G. – June 2003
The roles of motorcyclists and car drivers in conspicuity-related motorcycle crashes
Dr. S. de Craen, dr. M. Doumen, N. Bos & dr. Y. van Norden
Innattentional blindness video demonstrations
Uviversity of British Columbia Cognition Lab
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