Ambulance Visibility
Emergency vehicle conspicuity research on livery, warning lights and
high visibility markings - photos, technical information & newsletters by John Killeen  

Unpaid Links


 
Ambulance Visibility Blog Link




 
 NEW POST 19 JUNE


 

Latest news 2








 

ETT Icon



 

ARGO ATV Link



 
Paramedics Australasia Link

 


 
International Paramedic Logo


 

eLightbars Logo



 

Paramedic Safety Canada Icon



 

CLICK for APCO Video



 
 ACT Ambulance Intensive Care Paramedic Mercedes Sprinter- high visibility markings - Ambulance Visibility - www.ambulancevisibility.com - John Killeen


 
Mercedes Sprinter Information


 
Dlouhy WEbsite Icon










 


 

National Safety Agency



 
IMpressions Markings


Archive

Ambulance_Visibility_Reference_Library_Logo_www.ambulancevisibility.com
 
Fluorescent & Reflective Markings 
 
POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS 
 
3rd Annual EMS Safety Summit PowerPoint Presentation
John Killeen, Denver, Colorado, October 2010 (PDF 2.67Mb)
 
Warning Lights, Parking and Scene Safety PowerPoint* 
Faugh, J - Warning - Large file (10Mb) 
 

 
HEAVY VEHICLES - Contour markings 
 
Effectivness of heavy vehicle conspicuity treatments under different weather conditions*  
Hildebrand, D. Fullarton, P. - University of New Brunswick - 1997
 
Conspicuity markings requirements on heavy goods vehicles*
UK Freight Transport Association - Compliance guide
 
The effectiveness of Retroreflective tape on Heavy Trailers
Morgan, C - NHTSA, March 2001
 
Conspicuity of Heavy Goods Vehicles*
European Commission - December 2004
 
FMCSA's Conspicuity Requirements for Commercial Motor Vehicles
US Department of Transportation
 
Understanding Trailer visibility and conspicuity devices
Messerschmidt, W - Technical White Paper
 
UK Freight Transport Association - Compliance guide
UK Freight Transport Association - Compliance guide
 
The effectiveness of Retroreflective tape on Heavy Trailers
Morgan, C - NHTSA, March 2001
 
Conspicuity of Heavy Goods Vehicles*
European Commission - December 2004
 
Visibility and judgement in car/truck night accidents*   
Ayres, TJ. Schmidt, RA. Steele, BD. Bayan, FP. 
Document no longer available
 
Improving worker safety through better visibility*
Berces, A. - 3M
 
Improving Road Safety by increasing truck visibility*
Berces, A. - 3M
 
Heavy trucks, conspicuity treatment and the decline of collision risk in darkness
Sullivan, J. Flannagan M - UMTRI - September 2011
 
 

 
THERMAL ROOF MARKINGS
 
Materials for IR and visible material identification from surveillance aircraft
O'Keefe, E. - SPIE Newsroom, 17 April 2006
 
Thermal Roof Markings for Police vehicles*
Brooke, A. - UK Home Office, Police Scientific Development Branch - 2004 
 
Remote ID - QinetiQ
 
 

SNOWPLOUGHS (SNOWPLOWS)
 
Improving the ability of drivers to avoid collisions with snowploughs in fog and snow
Yonas, A. Zimmerman, L. - July 2006 - PDF
 
 

 
 
GENERAL   
 
Emergency Vehicle Accidents - Prevention, reconstruction and survey of State law, 2nd Edition
Solomon, S. and Hill, P. - Google Books  CLICK HERE
   
Conspicuity - Police Association of Ontario magazine
Middell, R. - Winter 2004
Document no longer available
 
Tips for improving ambulance vehicle visibility
Careless, J. EMS World, March 2010 
 
Motor Vehicle Conspicuity - An assessment of the contribution of retroreflective and fluorescent materials*
Cook, S, Quigley, C. Clift, L. - October 1999
 
Conspicuity and retroreflective materials
Federal Highways Adminsitration Lecture
 
Fluorescent coloured stimuli automatically attract visual attention: An eye movement study*
Schieber, F. Schlorholz, B. Willan, N. 
 
Use of fluorescent materials on traffic signs - guidelines (NZ)
Croft, P. - September 2001
 
On-Road investigations of fluorescent sign colors to improve consicuity 
Anders, R. - August 2000  
 
Tennessee Ad Hoc Committee on Ambulance Colors and Markings
EMS Board - April 2008
 
Conspicuity and Readability
Signline Magazine, Issue 51, 2007
 
A computational vision model-based method to address work zone conspicuity
Barton, J. Cohn, T. Misener, J. - University of California - Berkeley
 
People vs Hudson (California)*
Stanford Law School
 
Quantifying the subjective brightness of retroreflective material using magnitude estimations
Graving, A. Tyrrel, R.Balk, S.
 
Visual detection of detectable warning materials by pedestrians with visual impairments*
Jenness, J. and Singer, J. - Federal Highway Administration 2006
 
Workshop on Night-time visibility of Traffic Signs - Powerpoint PDF
Hanover - September 2002
 
An Assessment of the Performance of retro-reflective Traffic Control Devices
 
Retroreflective Traffic Control Devices: Future Road Safety Infrastructure in India
Mohna, S. & Duuta, N. - National Engineering Conference on Roads
 
Retroreflective markings on Rail Cars
US DOT - Federal Railroads Administration
 
Performance analysis of squad car lighting, retroreflective markings and paint treatments to improve safety at roadside traffic stops*
Fischer, J. Kzmarzick, K. Menon, A. Shankwitz, C. - May 2012
 
Keeping officers safe on the road
Pearsall, B. - NIJ Journal No 265
 
Advances in retroreflective technologies for road signage, vehicle visbility and road markings, delivering safer roads for all
King, A. - 3M
 
Improving worker safety through better visibility*
Berces, A. - 3M
 
 
Questions, comments and feedback are welcomed
Please select the CONTACT tab for details